Agricultural aircraft (‘ag planes’) are used for the aerial delivery of agents beneficial to primary industries. The sale of agricultural aircraft is tied closely to the cycle of primary industries, especially crop production, and is cyclical in nature. Buyers of agplanes are typically purchasing USA made aircraft, chiefly Air Tractor and Ayres / Thrush Aircraft, but an increasing number of agricultural aircraft for sale are coming from Brazil (Embraer), New Zealand (Pacific Aerospace) and Poland (PZL Mielec). Helicopters are also used as agricultural aircraft, and are ideally suited to small area work and where accuracy is crucial. Agricultural aircraft are often purchased for use in firefighting and are well suited to water and retardant dropping, and are even modified to operate on amphibious floats. A large number of Agricultural aircraft for sale were originally manufactured with piston engines and have been modified to fit turbine engines.
The earliest agricultural aircraft were all piston powered, as turbine engines were still yet to be developed. Small in-line and opposed engines were first adopted for ag planes, but their limitation in terms of power was quickly reached in mainstream applications. The more powerful radial engines soon became popular with buyers post World War Two and remained so until recently. Piston engines are still in use for small ag planes, as their cheaper cost is well suited to the needs of those looking to purchase entry level aircraft.
As the demands of agricultural flying increased, and it became commercially vital to increase both the amount of chemical carried and the time spent on the job, piston engines became increasingly unsuited for the task. The only obvious alternative was the use of a turbine engines that had significantly more power than a piston and a much better power to weight ratio. Originally popular piston aircraft – like the Grumman Ag Cat and the PZL Dromader – were modified by owners by having the original piston engine removed and an aftermarket turbine engine installed. Eventually the manufacturers responded and began producing turbine versions of their aircraft to satisfy the demand from buyers for aircraft with more horsepower. An early example of a factory built turbine aircraft was the Air Tractor AT-302, first delivered in 1977.
As the dropping of chemical and water are very similar, an agricultural aircraft can be easily modified for firefighting applications in less than a day. Some agricultural aircraft manufacturers are now selling dedicated firefighting versions of their aircraft as the demand for this type of flying grows. Firefighting authorities will sign up operators during the summer months to be on stand-by in the event of a fire and once needed, the aircraft are filled up with water and often a foam or retardant additive is included to enhance the effectiveness of the water. A recent innovation in this area is the Fire Boss aircraft, developed from a joint venture between Air Tractor and Wipaire. The Fire Boss is a AT-802 Air Tractor married up to a set of special Wipaire Wipline 10000 floats, turning the aircraft into an amphibious floatplane with the capability to not only land on water, but to its also able to scoop up and then drop it onto a fire. This capability allows the aircraft to stay out on a fire without needing to return each time to an airport to refill the water tank and has been purchased by several government authorities.
Helicopters are a very useful platform for agricultural work, as their maneuverability means they are often purchased to undertake application work that requires highly detailed and accurate flying. Spot spraying for weeds over large areas of land is often done this way, and this involves the pilot flying along and identifying a problem area, hovering over it while the chemical is sprayed, and then moving on to locate the next area. This type of spraying is simply not possible with a fixed wing aircraft. Another unique application for helicopters in agriculture is frost prevention, and this is where small piston helicopters are hovered over fruit crops on nights where damaging frost is likely, and in doing so air is kept moving preventing the frost from occurring.
The two main tasks for ag planes is the spraying of chemicals and the spreading of fertilizers. As insects and weeds reduce crop outputs significantly, Agricultural Aircraft for sale are purchased to spray specialized chemicals designed to kill or inhibit the growth of pests. Spray booms are fitted that span nearly with full width of the ag plane’s wings and these are used to disperse the chemical that is carried in the aircraft. Spreading or ‘topdressing’ as it is sometimes referred to, is the process of distributing fertilizers by air in order to encourage the growth of crops or pastures. Often using the compound ‘super phosphate’ these ag planes are highly effective in areas where conventional vehicles aren’t able to access, such as hilly or mountainous terrain.
The first documented use of aircraft in agricultural operations is in the 1920s, where insecticides were spread using the Curtis Jenny, the de Havilland Tiger Moth and the Boeing Stearman. These fabric aircraft often had issues where the chemicals damaged the fabric fuselage covering towards the rear of the aircraft, so often the fabric was removed completely and these distinctive aircraft flew with the rear fuselage structure exposed.
The US firm Air Tractor has been producing ag planes since 1978 and features a wide product range for buyers. As the aircraft increase in size, the hopper and load carrying capacity is increased, as does the size of the engine. Several models are available with two seats for either training purposes or the carriage of ground crew. The unusual AT802 Fireboss is an amphibious version of the AT802F firefighting aircraft and has bought by fire agencies all over the world.
The factory producing the S-2 aircraft was originally established by Rockwell, then taken over by Ayers, and now its produced by the Thrush company. Versions of this aircraft have been in production since 1965 and more than 2000 have been delivered to buyers. The current S-2R uses both Pratt & Whitney PT6 engines as well as the new General Electric H80, and previous models have used the Garrett TPE-331 engine as well.
Airbus aircraft for sale
Airbus was created in 1967 and has been delivering commercial airliners since 1974 with the A300 as their first design. Airbus was initially set up as a joint venture between interests from West Germany, France and the UK, with a Spanish manufacturer buying in a few years later. After the A300 was launched, Airbus commenced selling the A310 in 1978 and shortly afterwards the A320 was announced in 1984, and it remains by far the best selling model produced by Airbus. Current aircraft being sold by Airbus include the A330, A340 and A350.
Airbus has been at forefront of aircraft technology and was the first to introduce into commercial aviation fly-by-wire flight controls, side stick controllers and protected envelope automation. The adoption of these types of new technologies has been seen as a major point of difference between Airbus and its main rival Boeing, with the latter choosing mechanical flight control linkages, conventional controls and a flight envelope that can be manually overridden. More recently Boeing has seen the merits of fly-by-wire technology and it was adopted into the deign of the Boeing 777 and since then the 787. The largest aircraft that is for sale in the airliner market is the Airbus A380, a four engine double deck aircraft capable of seating more than 800 passengers. Unfortunately for Airbus sales of the A380 have slowed down, as point to point services by airlines have become more popular than the traditional hub and spoke model that the A380 was designed for.
Airbus has VIP versions for most of their current designs, with the A320 VIP aircraft known as the Airbus Corporate Jet or ACJ. It is understood that recently Airbus came very close to a sale of a VIP version of the A380, but that sale in the end didn’t not go through.
Airships and balloons are two types of ‘lighter than air’ aircraft (technically described as ‘aerostats’) that use the buoyancy of gas to provide lift. Airships for sale usually have an aerodynamic shape and have a form of propulsion, which allows for the pilot to steer the aircraft and control the direction of flight. When purchasing an airship, buyers have three choices to choose from in terms of airship type: non-rigid, semi-rigid and rigid, with the differences in type relating to how much structure is in the airship’s construction (from none to a complete airframe). Balloon for sale normally have a passenger basket attached to a circular sectioned envelope and are only able to control whether the balloon for sale climbs or descends by the use of a burner located between the basket and the envelope, with the direction of flight controlled by the wind. The main countries selling new airships and balloons are the USA (Aerostar, Goodyear, American Airship), the UK (Cameron), Australia (Kavanagh) and Germany (Schroeder), the latter the home of the Zeppelin company, which has famously been building airships since early last century.
Non rigid airships contain no structure in the airship itself, with the attached cabin the only structure present. They are the cheapest airship design available, but also the lowest performing design, with limits in payload, speed and low limiting wind conditions. The Goodyear Blimp, until the recent adoption of a design by Zeppelin Airships, for many years were non rigid airship designs and popular due to their low cost and ease of transport once deflated. The only major downside to the non rigid design is the limited size that is possible, as the larger non rigid designs are prone to collapsing and kinking in high winds or when maneuvered aggressively. Unmanned versions of non rigid airships are often used as tethered platforms for sensors and cameras, and the US military has successfully used them in conflict zones to observe enemy activity in built up areas.
A semi rigid airship has some structure in the airship envelope itself, chiefly around the bottom or the ‘keel’ area, and the cabin is attached to this keel. The semi rigid design offers buyers the best balance of capital cost and payload capability. They are more robust in high winds than a non rigid design and the semi rigid airframe allows the fitment and use of the rear vectoring propulsion units, as used by the current Zeppelin designs.
The rigid airship is a type of airship that uses a complete frame to support the airship envelope and the strength of this design allows rigid airships to reach massive sizes. The most famous examples of the rigid airship were the Hindenburg and Graf Zeppelin airships of the inter war years, and these were some of the biggest flying machines ever made, reaching 245 meters / 802 feet. A rigid design has not been popular for many years and only one rigid design has been built since 1937 – the WAC Dragon Dream – and its future is presently uncertain.
The numbers of balloons for sale have remained relatively unchanged for many years and are a popular with tourists in many parts of the world. A commercial balloon can carry up to 25 people and with sufficient fuel for the burners they can stay aloft for many hours, making it a sound purchase by tourism operators.
Tourism has been a very popular driver of lighter than air flying, chiefly with hot air balloons. The quiet and smooth ride, along with the unprecedented views, makes this very popular with tourists wishing to see areas of natural beauty from the air.
Airships have a long history with aerial advertising, with the most famous of these the Goodyear blimps. Goodyear purchased their first airship in 1925 and since then the company has continuously used these airships as a static billboard, an electronic LED billboard and a camera platform for sports coverage.
The most interesting recent innovation in the lighter than air segment has been the modernised airships produced by the Zeppelin Airship company of Germany, a firm first established over 100 years ago by Count Ferdinand Von Zeppelin. These modern airships are a semi rigid design and are notable for the swivelling engines that are fitted that are used to enhance low speed manoeuvring, something that airships are traditionally very poor at. These new Zeppelin airships have been sold to Goodyear for their famous fleet of ‘Goodyear Blimps’, even though technically these aircraft are no longer blimps by design.
The era of very large airships is set to return, with several manufacturers examining the usefulness of airships for sale used for heavy cargo hauling, especially into remote areas. The British designed HAV Airlander is currently being test flown and has a capacity of moving 10 tonnes of cargo
Gyrocopter for sale
Often confused for small helicopters, autogyros are rotary wing aircraft powered by a horizontal propeller, instead of power being delivered to the main rotor itself. Lift is produced by the autorotating rotor system that is free to spin, and the direction of flight is controlled by the tilt of the rotor system, the rudder and the throttle. Some types of autogyros are capable of almost vertical take-offs, through the use of a pre-rotator system that spins the rotor before take-off roll, with minimal forward movement needed before becoming airborne. At light weights and with modest winds being present, autogyros are capable of near vertical landings to a stationary touch down. Normally open to the elements with one or two seats, some larger models are fully enclosed and can carry four people. Popular autogyro manufacturers include Aerotrek, Airgyro, ArrowCopter and Sport Copter and autogyro sales have been building over recent years.
Autogyros were one of the earliest aircraft to take flight, with the first example flying in 1923. Early designs, many by Juan de la Cierva, had a tractor configuration with the propeller mounted on the front. More recently designers have been selling the more simple pusher configuration, which also reduces the overall length and weight of the autogyro. Today there are many gyrocopter for sale to suit those looking for inexpensive flying.
Aviat aircraft for sale
Aviat Aircraft traces its history back to when Curtis Pitts started producing certified Pitts Special aircraft from a factory in Afton, Wyoming. Pitts sold the factory to Frank Christensen, and then it was sold to Malcolm White and the name Aviat aircraft was first used. In 1996 Stu Horn bought Aviat and since then the company has focussed on the the aerobatic Pitts Special aircraft, the Christen Eagle II (a kit aircraft very similar to the Pitts Special) and the Husky, a high performance bush aircraft.
The Pitts Special is the most widely recognised aerobatic aircraft in the world, and most aerobatic pilots will fly the compact biplane at some stage during their career. It comes in one and two seats models (the S-1 and S-2 respectively) and various engine and propeller combinations have been fitted over the years. The current top of the range model is the S-2C and it is fitted with a 260 hp Lycoming AEIO-540 engine and a three blade Hartzell composite propeller. The Christen Eagle is a kit aircraft that closely resembles the Pitts, but is distinct in a number of ways.
Aviat also sells the Husky, a two place ‘bush’ aircraft that is optimised for short take off and landing (STOL) and when fitted with oversized tires, it is able to land on unprepared ground away from airports. The Husky has been produced in 4 versions, A-1, A-1A, A-1B and A-1C, with each newer version introducing refinements and updates to avionics. The current A-1C has either a 180 hp or 200 hp Lycoming engines, with the latter engine fitted with fuel injection. A recent option for the Husky when fitted with floats is a reversible MT composite propeller, which comes in handy for docking and confined area manoeuvring.
Beechcraft aircraft for sale
Walter Beech set up Beechcraft with his wife in 1932 in Wichita, Kansas and the first aircraft to be produced was the iconic Beechcraft Model 17 Staggerwing. Since then Beechcraft airplanes have been in almost continuous production, with both civilian and military buyers, with over 30,000 aircraft sold by the factory to date. Beechcraft has gone through a few changes of name and ownership over the years, with the company originally known as Beech Aircraft, then renamed Beechcraft after the war and it was purchased in 1980 by Raytheon who sold it to Goldman Sachs as Hawker Beechcraft. In 2013 Textron purchased Hawker Beechcraft and continues just as Beechcraft today, with the ending of production of the Hawker business jet line.
The most well known aircraft that Beechcraft sells is the Beech Bonanza, and this has been in production since 1947. The current G36 version is a 6 seat, 175 knot single engine aircraft fitted with the Garmin G1000 glass cockpit, and it retails for for around $850,000 USD. Since the first flight of the Bonanza, Beechcraft has sold 18,000 Bonanzas, firmly establishing the type as a mainstay of the world’s general aviation fleet. The twin engine version of the Bonanza is the Baron, and the current version is the G58, powered by 2 Continental IO-550 engines rated at 300 horsepower each, allowing the Baron to cruise at up to 190 knots. New Barons are selling for over $1.3 million USD, which is a hefty price for a piston engine aircraft.
The other famous aircraft that Beechcraft sells is the King Air, a twin turbo prop aircraft that was first delivered in 1964, and since then more than 3,100 have been sold to customers all over the world. The present model range for the King Air has the C90, B250 and B350 aircraft that are used for a wide range of tasks.
Boeing aircraft for sale
Boeing was established in 1917 and it is well known for selling commercial jet aircraft that are used all over the world. Starting with the 707, Boeing has sold jet airliners ranging in size from the 737 right up to the 747. More recently Boeing launched the 787 Dreamliner, an innovative aircraft due to its composite construction, very long range and highly efficient engines and sales of the Dreamliner have been strong. Jet aircraft types that are no longer in production include the 717, 727, 757 and 767 with many of these aircraft still popular in the second hand aircraft market. Presently Boeing is manufacturing the 737, 747, 777 and 787.
A strong rivalry exists between Boeing and its European counterpart Airbus, with the two companies responsible for most of the world’s airliner sales. Since 2010 very little difference has existed between orders and deliveries between the two companies, with Airbus recently taking more orders than Boeing, but Boeing making more deliveries of late. Boeing has traditionally dominated Airbus in terms of sales to very important market in North America, however Airbus are able to offer favourable leasing and tax benefits as a consequence of the government ownership of the Airbus Group.
Boeing also sell aircraft to the VIP and corporate aviation market, with modified versions of commercial airliners available with luxurious interiors and reduced underfloor luggage space exchanged for range extending fuel tanks. The most well known of these VIP aircraft is the Boeing Business Jet or BBJ, which is based on several variants of the 737 airliner. VIP versions of Boeing aircraft go right up to the 747 in size, with many of these specialty 747 aircraft sold to Middle Eastern customers.
Bombardier aircraft for sale
The Canadian based aerospace company Bombardier grew from the acquisition of several different manufacturers during the 1980s and early 1990s, which included Canadair, Short Brothers, Learjet and de Havilland Canada. Presently selling aircraft across several different markets, Bombardier manufactures turboprops, jet airliners and business jets.
The turboprop Dash 8 Q400 is a twin engine regional aircraft that is powered by 2 Pratt and Whitney PW150 engines and can seat up to 90 passengers. Cruising at up to 340 knots, the Dash 8 Q400 is able to compete against jets on shorter sectors and can match a 737 or A320 for flight time on sectors under 300 nm.
Bombardier produces 2 different jet airliners, the established CRJ series aircraft, based on the CL-600 business jet, and the new C Series, which resembles the Embraer E Jet against which to closely competes. Bombardier has sold nearly 2,000 CRJ aircraft and it has been highly popular with airlines in North America. The C Series has had a difficult start to its commercial life, with slow sales and issues with tariffs and taxes being applied when it was purchased by American operators.
Bombardier has three major offerings in the business jet market, Learjets, Challengers and the Global Express. Learjets are the modern versions of the sleek high performance business jets made famous by Bill Lear, and the Jearjet 70 and Learjet 75 is presently offered for sale. The Challenger comes in 2 models, the Challenger 350 and the larger Challenger 650 and these two aircraft compete in the midsize business jet market. The very large (for a business jet) Global Express aircraft has 2 current models, the Global 5000 and Global 6000, one presently undergoing certification (Global 7000) and one under development (Global 8000). The number after each Global Express model refers to the approximate range of the aircraft.
Business jets for sale
Business jets (also known as private jets or corporate jets) are jet aircraft used to directly support business activity by transporting people and cargo from point to point more quickly than commercial passenger aircraft. Purpose built business jets range in size from less than 3 tonnes to over 48 tonnes, but larger aircraft are produced that are based on existing commercial airliners in sizes right up to the Airbus A380. Often associated with the transport of wealthy owners, business jets perform a range of other functions and are often sold to support air ambulance, freight and government work. The major manufacturers of business jets are Bombardier, Cessna, Gulfstream, Embraer and Dassault, with new deliveries in 2016 numbering 661 aircraft, and a total worldwide fleet of over 22,000. Recently the sales of new business jets has been slowing down, however many buyers have been active in the second hand market, where sales are at an all time high with many used jets for sale.
Very Light Jets are the entry level business jet class and are typically under 10,000 lbs / 4,500 kgs maximum take-off weight, cruise below 400 knots and have ranges around 1,000 nm. The two most popular jet aircraft for sale in this category are the Cessna Citation Mustang and the Embraer Phenom 100. Other recent types launched in the VLJ category are the Cessna Citation M2, The Honda Jet and the Cirrus SF50. A key attraction of a VLJ is that they are able to cruise higher and faster than the top tier turboprops and with a significantly cheaper direct operating cost. A very recent entrant to the VLJ market is the Cirrus SF50 and unlike all other VLJ types, it is powered by a single Williams turbofan engine. The potential risk of a single engine is mitigated in the SF50 by the aircraft being equipped with a parachute system that is capable of letting the aircraft safely descend to the ground, and this appeals to those looking to buy private jet on a budget.
Light business jets for sale are typically have ranges not exceeding 2,000 nm, do not have a stand up cabin and many are certified for single pilot operations. The two most popular aircraft sold in this light jet group are the Cessna Citations and the Bombardier Learjets. Embraer first flew the Phenom 100 and 300 in 2007 and 2008 respectively, and these Brazilian aircraft have been highly successful at attracting buyers and they compete closely against the Cessna Citation range.
Midsize jets have ranges from 2,000 to 3,000 nm and feature a stand up cabin with galley and toilet facilities. Popular aircraft for sale in this category are the largest members of the Bombardier Learjet family, the Dassault Falcon 20, Beechcraft Hawker 800, 850 and 900 and the Cessna Citation Excel / XLS.
Super midsize jets are often have the same fuselage cross section of long range jets, but aren’t capable of long endurance flights and therefore cost considerably less to buy than a long range jet. Range is between 3,000 nm and 4,000 nm and the aircraft feature a full stand up cabin. Aircraft in this category include the Dassault 50 and 2000, the Challenger 300 and 350, the Cessna Citation X and the larger Embraer Legacy models.
Large business jets are the largest purpose built corporate jets available and can travel in excess of 4,000 nm. Only three manufacturers offer aircraft in this class – Bombardier, Dassault and Gulfstream – and starting prices for buyers are around $40 million USD. The longest range aircraft in this category is the Gulfstream G650ER and it is capable of covering 7,500 nm non stop. Bombardier has plans to launch the Global 8000 in 2018 and this aircraft will be capable of flights of around 7,900 nm. Aircraft in this category include the Falcon 900, 7X and 8X, the Global Express family and the Gulfstream 450, 500, 550, 600 and 650.
For a small number of high net worth individuals and Heads of State, the conventional business jets for sale do not have the capacity required for their needs. These buyers therefore purchase modified airliners that have most of the underfloor cargo space (which is no longer needed) adapted for fuel storage and allows these aircraft to achieve the same long range as large business jets. Boeing and Airbus have been offering VIP versions of most of their airliner fleet for many years, starting with the Boeing BBJ (based on the 737) and the Airbus ACJ (based on the A320 family) and going up to the 747 and A380 aircraft.
When looking for used luxury private jets, there are three main trends are currently evident in business jet market sales. Firstly, improvements in efficiency are routinely being achieved by the manufacturers (chiefly by reducing fuel burn) and this in turn drives down the costs of ownership. Secondly, cockpit technology is improving in capability at a rapid pace, with many aircraft now available with innovations such as touch screen technology, synthetic / enhanced vision and satellite data and voice communications. The last trend in business aviation is the improvements in aircraft range that is constantly being achieved, especially in the large aircraft segment. For comparison, in 1995 the longest range jet was the 5,500 nm range Gulfstream V, whereas today the Gulfstream 650ER can travel over 7,500 nm.
The Lockheed Jetstar and North American Sabreliner were the first two business jets to enter service in the late 1950s, and a few of these aircraft are still in service with owners today. In the early 1960s several more types came onto the market, including the Dassault Falcon 20, British Aerospace 125, the Lear 23, the Gulfstream 2 and the Cessna Citation 1.
Supersonic aircraft are the next likely innovation in business jets, with all other developments likely to be only incremental changes to existing technologies. Aerion Corporation plan to launch the AE2 in 2018, and this aircraft is capable of travelling 4,750 nm at Mach 1.4, saving 3 hours flight time when compared to subsonic business jets, and they have orders from a large number of buyers already confirmed.
Starting with the Gulfstream I turboprop that was first delivered in 1959, Gulfstream has made aircraft almost exclusively for the business jet buyer. Gulfstream now focusses mainly on the super midsize and large business jet market, with the smaller aircraft appearing in the lineup when Galaxy Aerospace was bought by Gulfstream in 2001. The flagship aircraft today is the G650ER and it sells for over $70 million USD.
This French brand is well known for their three engine aircraft, a unique configuration amongst business jets, and it has been making these types of aircraft since 1963. The three engine configuration has been popular with buyers due to the benefits it brings to short field operations as well as the added safety factor when operating over water. Currently the model range goes from the two engine 2000 and finishes with the three engine 8X.
Cessna’s traditional interest has been in the light and midsize business jet markets, and they are by far the most successful light jet manufacturer for sales to date with their Citation aircraft, many of which are suitable for single pilot operations. Recently Cessna has been expanding their offering and for the first time a super midsize aircraft is available in the form of the Citation Longitude and in 2019 the first flight is expected of their large business jet, Citation Hemisphere.
Bombardier started in business jets with the Challenger aircraft that was launched in the late 1970s, then the Learjet line was purchased by them in 1990 and finally the Global Express was launched in 1996. Bombardier have the largest range of aircraft on offer in the business jet buyer, starting with the light Learjet 70 and ending up at the large Global 7000.
Relatively late to the business jet scene, Embraer announced their first aircraft in this market in 2000 when they launched the Legacy 600, a VIP version of a commercial aircraft. Since then Embraer has created a number of purpose built business aircraft, including the Phenom 100 and 300 as well as the Legacy 450 and 500. In 2016 delivered its 1,000th business aircraft, a remarkable achievement for this late entrant.
Cessna aircraft for sale
Cessna Aircraft was established by Clyde Cessna in 1927 and after financial difficulty during the depression, Cessna has gone on to firmly establish itself as the biggest general aviation manufacturer in the world. Models range from the 2 seat Cessna 152, right up to the 12 passenger Citation Longitude corporate jet, with many varied aircraft types sold in between. The company has sold more than 220,000 aircraft since 1927 and three aircraft – the C172, C152 and C182 – are in the top 10 list of most produced aircraft of all time, with a combined total of more than 98,000 examples sold of these three types. Cessna currently has 14 models for sale in the new aircraft line up, with three designs under currently development.
The Cessna line up has featured most kinds of aircraft, with design features such as tailwheel undercarriage, floatplanes, ski planes and pusher engines featured in Cessna models. There are 5 basic groupings to the Cessna model range – single pistons, twin pistons, single turbines, twin turbines and jets, with the twin piston and twin turbine aircr